This guide covers Jumbo Loans Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Guidelines. Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Mortgage Guidelines allow borrowers to qualify for a mortgage during and after Chapter 13 Bankruptcy and after the discharge date. Under Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Mortgage Guidelines, borrowers can qualify for VA and FHA Loans during and after Chapter 13 Bankruptcy. The following paragraphs will discuss the Jumbo Loans Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Guidelines.
Type of Mortgage Loan Programs During Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Repayment Plan
FHA and VA loans are the only traditional mortgage loans that allow borrowers to qualify for jumbo loans during Chapter 13 Bankruptcy. Jumbo loans Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Guidelines on high-balance FHA, VA, and Conventional loans are no different than traditional FHA, VA, and Conventional loan programs. The only exception will be loan-level pricing adjustments or LLPAs due to the loan size exceeding median-priced traditional loan limits. Non-QM loans do not allow non-QM jumbo loans during the Chapter 13 Bankruptcy payment period.
FHA, VA, and Conforming Jumbo Loans
There are many different types of jumbo mortgages. Any mortgage loan with a higher loan amount than the maximum conforming loan limit is considered a jumbo loan. Jumbo loans are considered non-conforming since they exceed the maximum conforming loan limits. FHA loans in high-cost areas are considered high-balance FHA loans or FHA Jumbo Loans. High-balance conforming loans are conventional loans that exceed the traditional maximum loan limit and are often called Jumbo Conforming Loans.
Overlays on Government and Conventional Loans on Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Guidelines
However, not all lenders follow the minimum Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Mortgage Guidelines. Only lenders with no mortgage overlays on VA and FHA loans will follow Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Mortgage Guidelines on FHA and VA loans. Most lenders will require a two-year waiting period after the Chapter 13 Bankruptcy discharge date on VA and FHA loans. Gustan Cho Associates has no overlays on Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Mortgage Guidelines. We will go off the minimum Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Mortgage Guidelines on FHA and VA home loans. This article will cover and discuss qualifying for a mortgage during and after Chapter 13 Bankruptcy.
How Does Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Process Work?
Chapter 13 Bankruptcy is normally ideal for someone who has a job and assets but is overwhelmed with debt. The courts appoint a bankruptcy trustee where a debt repayment plan is structured, and the petitioner has a new affordable payment. The Trustee decides a percentage of the petitioners’ debts allocated and distributed in paying creditors’ debts. The petitioner will pay all or part of his or her debt over 3 to 5 years.
Differences Between Jumbo Loans Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Guidelines Versus Chapter 7
Chapter 13 Bankruptcy is different than Chapter 7 Bankruptcy. Chapter 7 Bankruptcy: all debts get eliminated, and all the assets get liquidated to pay off creditors. Consumers can keep their homes with a Chapter 13 Bankruptcy even if they have plenty of equity. Petitioners can also keep their homes with a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy. But there may be issues if they have a lot of equity with Chapter 7. With little or no equity, petitioners can hold on to their homes and make regular mortgage payments with a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy. Because they will end up paying debts over time, Chapter 13 Bankruptcy is also known as reorganization bankruptcy or restructuring of debts.
Basics in Qualifying For Jumbo Loans Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Guidelines
Chapter 13 Bankruptcy is not beneficial to everyone who is in debt. Many consumers contemplating bankruptcy think bankruptcy is the end of the world. Many believe they can never get a mortgage after bankruptcy. Under Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Mortgage Guidelines, homebuyers can qualify for FHA and VA loans during and after Chapter 13 Bankruptcy. Conventional Loans require a two-year waiting period after the Chapter 13 Bankruptcy discharge date.
Do You Need A Job To Qualify For Chapter 13 Bankruptcy?
First, petitioners need consistent regular income to be eligible for Chapter 13 Bankruptcy. This makes sense since they will pay creditors with a percentage of monthly income. People file Chapter 13 Bankruptcy to protect assets and buy time in paying creditors at a reduced, affordable amount. Many files a 13 because they want to protect their home and other personal assets. For those without income, Chapter 7 Bankruptcy is the route to go.
Qualification Requirements For Chapter 13 Bankruptcy
A person needs solid full-time employment to qualify for a Chapter 13 Bankruptcy. Unemployed people cannot qualify to file for Chapter 13 Bankruptcy. The secured debts allowed cannot surpass $1,149,525. The petitioner’s unsecured debts cannot exceed more than $383,175.
Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Process
Anyone that wants to go through a bankruptcy filing needs to complete a credit counseling course from a credit counseling provider who is on the approved list by the United States Trustee’s Office. Remember that a Chapter 13 Bankruptcy is a debt restructuring and repayment plan where it makes a monthly payment to creditors affordable. It will detail how much each creditor gets monthly for a certain period. There are certain debts that the balance cannot be discounted and paid in full and are classified as priority debts. Examples of priority debts include wages that are owed to the following:
- Government loans such as student loans, income taxes
- Child support
Secondary debts include the following:
- Mortgage payments that are in arrears
- Car payments that are in arrears
- Other debts that are in arrears
After the secured debts are paid and if petitioners have disposable income left over after making the required minimum payments to creditors, the disposable income will go towards paying unsecured debts such as medical bills and unsecured credit cards. These creditors do not have to be repaid in full. But an attempt needs to be shown to make a good effort to repay them with disposable income.
How Long Do I Have To Repay My Creditors?
The time for repayment to creditors depends much on the amount of money the petitioner earns and the number of debts they owe to creditors. If the six-month average gross income before filing for Chapter 13 bankruptcy is more than the state’s median income, the repayment period might be a 5-year repayment plan. If a six-month average gross income before filing is lower than the state’s median income, it will probably have a 3-year repayment plan.
Chapter 13 Dismissal Versus Discharge
Suppose the petitioner was to lose their job or cannot work due to medical reasons during the Chapter 13 payment plan period and cannot make minimum monthly payments to creditors. In that case, the trustee will restructure the payment plan again. Or, the trustee can ask permission from the courts to see if they can discharge the debts owed to creditors due to financial hardship. If the courts do not discharge debts due to financial hardship, an alternative might be to convert Chapter 13 to a Chapter 7 bankruptcy and request the courts to dismiss Chapter 13 Bankruptcy.
Finalization Of Chapter 13 Bankruptcy
Upon completion of the repayment plan to creditors, all balances remaining on debts are normally discharged. The balance of the debts will no longer be owed, and the petitioner is discharged of all debts and will no longer owe any creditors. Before the complete discharge of Chapter 13, all non-exempt debts such as income taxes, alimony, child support, and government loans are in good standing and current. A budget counseling course approved by the United States Trustee is also required.
Qualifying For A Mortgage During Chapter 13 Bankruptcy
With the trustee’s permission, a home buyer can qualify for both VA Home Loans and FHA Loans one year into a Chapter 13 repayment plan. The trustee needs the bankruptcy court’s approval, and the new payment needs to be figured in. Almost all Trustees approve a home loan during bankruptcy.
There is no waiting period after the Chapter 13 Bankruptcy discharge date to qualify for VA home loans and FHA loans. Not many lenders will approve FHA and VA loans during and after Chapter 13 Bankruptcy. Most lenders have overlays on FHA and VA loans with Chapter 13 Bankruptcy.
They often require a two-year waiting period after Chapter 13 Bankruptcy for borrowers to qualify with them. This is not a VA Guideline nor a HUD Guidelines. FHA and VA Guidelines allow borrowers to qualify for home loans during and after Chapter 13 Bankruptcy discharge with no waiting period. Homebuyers who need to qualify for VA or FHA loans during or after Chapter 13 Bankruptcy, please contact us at Gustan Cho Associates at 800-900-8569 or text us for a faster response. Or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org. There is a two-year waiting period to qualify for Conventional Loans after the Chapter 13 Bankruptcy discharge date.