Truth In Lending Disclosure During The Mortgage Process (1)

Truth in Lending Disclosure During The Mortgage Process

Gustan Cho Associates are mortgage brokers licensed in 48 states

This guide covers the truth in lending disclosure during the mortgage process. Mortgage disclosures are required to be disclosed to all mortgage loan applicants by federal law. The Truth In Lending Disclosure is one of the most important mortgage disclosures that need to be disclosed to all mortgage loan applicants in a timely manner.  On May 29th, 1968, the United States Congress has enacted the Truth in Lending Act, also known as TILA.

The Truth in Lending Act, again known as TILA, is the federal law which created the Truth in Lending Disclosure or also known as TIL mortgage disclosure

The main reason why the Truth in Lending disclosure was created so that borrowers and public consumers for credit can make informed choices when applying for a mortgage loan or consumer loan. The Truth in Lending Disclosure provides various forms of disclosures but there are five important items that need to be absolutely disclosed to the loan applicant

Things That Need To Be Disclosed on The Truth In Lending Disclosure

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The finance charges of the loan need to be provided and disclosed in every Truth in Lending Disclosure. The finance charges are the fees and cost of the mortgage loan over the term of the loan The fees and costs of the mortgage loan will include interest, interest rate, closing costs, third party fees. It will also include costs such as title charges, credit check fees, points, appraisal fees, and all other third party costs.

The Truth in Lending Disclosure cannot be underdisclosed even though the mortgage lender has nothing to do with the line item disclosed or associated with it.

The lender still needs to disclose all possible and potential fees and costs the borrower may or may encounter. The Truth in Lending Disclosure cannot be under disclosed. If it is under disclosed, the mortgage company will be liable for any fees and costs the borrower pays if the fees and costs are under disclosed and if they go over 10% of the disclosed amount.

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Purpose of The Truth in Lending Disclosure

The purpose of the Truth in Lending disclosure is to ensure that borrowers have a clear understanding of the cost and terms of their mortgage loan before they commit to it. This allows borrowers to compare loan offers from different lenders and make informed decisions about which loan best meets their needs. Failure to provide accurate Truth in Lending disclosures can result in legal penalties for lenders.

Lenders need to pay the difference of the underdisclosed amount to the borrower even though the lender has nothing to do with the disclosed amount such as title charges, inspection fees, attorney fees, and other third-party vendors.

Lenders need to disclose estimated third party charges but cannot under disclose by more than 10%. These costs and fees are the charges that are associated with the extension of getting credit. This is so the borrower is knowledgeable and understands the terms of the loan prior to accepting the terms of the mortgage loan.

What is the Truth in Lending Act

The Truth in Lending Act (TILA) is a federal law in the United States that aims to promote the informed use of consumer credit by requiring disclosures about its terms and cost. As part of the mortgage process, lenders are required to provide borrowers with a Truth in Lending disclosure. This disclosure is designed to give borrowers clear and comprehensive information about the terms of their mortgage loan. The Truth in Lending disclosure typically includes important information such as the Annual Percentage Rate (APR): The APR reflects the annual cost of borrowing money, including interest and certain fees expressed as a percentage.

Truth in Lending Disclosure on Finance Charges

Finance Charges: This includes all charges associated with obtaining the loan, such as origination fees, discount points, and any other finance charges. Total Amount Financed: This is the total amount of credit provided to the borrower, minus any prepaid finance charges.

Total Payments

The total amount the borrower will have paid over the life of the loan, including principal, interest, and any other finance charges. Payment Schedule: This outlines the number of payments, the amount of each payment, and when payments are due. Prepayment Penalties: If applicable, any penalties or fees for paying off the loan early. Loan Terms: Other important terms of the loan, such as the loan amount, interest rate, and any adjustable rate features.

Annual Percentage Rate: APR

The annual percentage rate, also known as the APR, needs to be disclosed on the Truth in Lending Disclosure. The annual percentage rate, APR, is calculated by inputting all finance charges, interest paid by the borrower before and during the mortgage loan. Fees and costs associated with the mortgage loan needs to be disclosed

Examples of disclosures include fees such as mortgage insurance costs points paid by the borrower in order to get the mortgage loan.

Other charges that need to be disclosed are mortgage loan origination fees and costs, and other fees and costs with the origination and closing the loan need to be disclosed. The APR is not your actual interest rate. The APR is another form of the rate that converts the costs and fees of originating the loan in the form of an interest rate. APRs are not accurate. APRs can easily be manipulated and adjusted. Many mortgage industry experts think that it is a complete waste of time but politicians think it will help the mortgage loan applicant.

Truth In Lending Disclosure: Disclosing The Amount Financed

The mortgage amount financed needs to be included in the Truth in Lending Disclosure. The amount financed is separate and different from the mortgage loan balance.

The loan balance will include all of the finance charges and all other fees that were on top of the original loan such as the upfront mortgage insurance premium.

The amount financed on a mortgage loan is the actual dollar amount the borrower wanted to borrow. The bottom line is the total original amount financed in addition to the Annual Percentage Rate, costs, and fees are the total amount of the mortgage loan. The TILA is a mandatory requirement for lenders to disclose to all mortgage applicants applying for a residential mortgage loan. It discloses to the borrowers all conditions and terms of the mortgage loan they are applying for. Apply for your mortgage loans, click here

Disclosing The Schedule of Payments

which means the amount financedPart of the Truth in Lending Act is that the borrower needs to be shown and the mortgage lender needs to disclose the amount of schedule of payments. On the schedule of payments, the payment due date needs to be disclosed. The breakdown of what the monthly payment includes such as late fees missed payments during the term of the mortgage loan, and other fees and costs need to be disclosed. Borrowers need to know in writing through the mortgage disclosure what each of the monthly mortgage payments will be. There needs to be the breakdown of the monthly mortgage payments, and how much the mortgage payment will be each time for the duration of the mortgage loan.

Truth In Lending Disclosure on Total of Payments

The total of payments is another mortgage disclosure that needs to be disclosed to all borrowers. The total of payments will be calculated at the end of the loan term. A specific dollar amount needs to be disclosed as of how much the borrower has paid at the end of the mortgage term when the loan has been paid off. There will be a break down on how much the borrower will have paid by the end of the full loan term. It will separate the principal and interest payments paid.

Importance of Truth In Lending Disclosure

The Truth in Lending Disclosure is an extremely important mortgage disclosure.  If a lender does not properly disclose the Truth in Lending Disclosure, the mortgage loan borrower not only has the right to cancel their mortgage loan up to three days after a mortgage loan approval but if not properly disclosed, the mortgage loan borrower has up to three years to cancel a mortgage loan after the mortgage loan funds at closing.

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