Private Mortgage Insurance Mortgage Guidelines On Conventional Loans

This ARTICLE Is About Private Mortgage Insurance Mortgage Guidelines On Conventional Loans 

FHA Loans require a 1.75% one-time upfront mortgage insurance premium and a 0.85% annual FHA MIP for the duration of a 30-year fixed-rate loan. The mortgage insurance cannot be canceled unless the borrower refinances and/or pays off their mortgage. Per Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac Private Mortgage Insurance Guidelines, conventional Loans only require private mortgage insurance (PMI) for borrowers who have less than 20% equity. Any conventional loan with higher than 80% LTV will require private mortgage insurance.

Private Mortgage Insurance, Mortgage Guidelines And How It Works

Mortgage insurance cannot be canceled on 30-year fixed-rate FHA Loans. Even if homeowners have more than 20% equity in their homes, FHA requires mortgage insurance for the term of the loan This is not the case on Conventional Loans.

Both Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac Private Mortgage Insurance Mortgage Guidelines allow PMI to drop off when the mortgage meets the minimum equity requirements. FHA MIP is fixed at 0.85% of the loan balance no matter the credit scores of the borrower. However, with conventional loans, the PMI gets more expensive for lower credit scores. The higher the risk by the lender, the more expensive the PMI is.

Lower credit scores mean higher-risk borrowers. The PMI Rate we found for a 97% LTV 740 FICO borrower is $130 on a $400,000 loan balance. However, the PMI is $350 for a 97% 630 FICO borrower. There is a big difference in PMI for lower credit score borrowers. For borrowers who have been affected by Hurricane Matthews, there will be lower PMI’s until October 2019.

Understanding Private Mortgage Insurance

Private mortgage insurance makes homeowners possible for homebuyers putting less than a 20% down payment. Due to private mortgage insurance, lenders can now offer conventional loans at 3% to 5% down payment to home buyers at competitive mortgage rates. Michael Gracz, a private mortgage insurance expert at Gustan Cho Associates said the following:

MANY people want to know of a way to completely avoid PMI.  The truth is that for 60 years, PMI has helped American’s grow our homeownership rate by helping families get into homes sooner.  As mentioned the new programs only require a 3% down payment!  Fannie and Freddie can offer these programs because PMI is protecting taxpayers and the government from mortgage credit risk.

Alex Carlucci, a conventional loan expert at Gustan Cho Associates added:

PMI offers unparalleled risk protection to Fannie and Freddie. By design, PMI promotes stability because coverage agreements with lenders require full underwriting and it stands in front of the government in a so-called “first-loss position” (different from most other forms of credit enhancement). Every dollar paid by PMI to cover losses is a dollar the government — and therefore taxpayers — don’t have to pay. The Urban Institute recently found Conventional loans with PMI have a 40 percent lower loss-severity rate than loans without PMI. It also noted that for nearly 20 years, conventional loans with PMI have revealed lower loss severity each origination year. Since both Fannie and Freddie entered conservatorship, the PMI industry has covered more than $50 billion in claims, which represents 100 percent of valid claims since the financial crisis — 97 percent paid in cash and the remainder due overtime.

Who Benefits From Private Mortgage Insurance?

Who Benefits From Private Mortgage Insurance?

Private Mortgage Insurance is paid by the borrower. Homeowners have zero benefits from PMI, although they pay for it. Lenders benefit from mortgage insurance protection paid for by borrowers. It is due to private mortgage insurance that borrowers can qualify for conventional loans with less than a 20% down payment. Without PMI, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac’s first-time homebuyer programs would not be possible.

All homebuyers with 20% or less down payment need to purchase PMI on conventional loans.

Benefits Of Conventional PMI Versus FHA MIP

PMI is for the protection of lenders in the event the borrower defaults on their loan and the property goes into foreclosure. The PMI company will partially guarantee and insure the lender against the loss sustained in the foreclosure. PMI is not required for the whole term on conventional loans. Per private mortgage insurance mortgage guidelines, once a homeowner reaches 78% LTV, the PMI has terminated automatically. Once a homeowner is at 80% LTV, they can request that the PMI be canceled. For more information about this topic and/or other mortgage-related topics, please contact us at Gustan Cho Associates at 262-716-8151 or text us for a faster response. Or email us at [email protected]

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