This BLOG On Sellers Concessions And Tax Prorations On Illinois Home Purchase Was UPDATED On January 13th, 2019
Home Buyers in the state of Illinois has an advantage over other homebuyers in other states.
- Illinois is one of those states that property taxes are paid in arrears
- What this means is that when a home buyer in Illinois purchases a home, the sellers need to pay the buyers one year’s of property taxes
- This is called property tax prorations
- Home Buyers can use property tax proration credits towards their down payment as well as closing costs
In this article, we will cover and discuss Sellers Concessions And Tax Prorations On Illinois Home Purchase.
Costs Associated With Home Purchase In Illinois
Illinois Home Buyers are intending on purchasing a home that will need the down payment and closing costs.
- Most home buyers want to put as little money down as possible and pay as little as possible in closing costs and roll the closing costs into the mortgage loan
However, borrowers still need to show that they have the down payment funds.
Home Purchase With No Money Out Of Pocket
There are instances where home buyers purchase their homes and with no money or sometimes walk away with money after their closing.
- How can this happen when FHA mortgage loans require a minimum down payment of 3.5%
- Conventional loans require 3% or 5% down payments
- Homebuyers who hire a shrewd, sharp, experienced professional realtor and an experienced mortgage loan officer, they can make it happen
An experienced realtor can structure a real estate contract where no closing costs and minimal down payment is required.
Make Sure To Get Sellers Concessions Towards Buyers Closing Costs
Closing costs are third party fees and costs that normally range around 2% to 6% of the purchase price of the home. This is depending on the state and county where home buyers are purchasing a home and the price of the home.
- Sellers concessions towards buyers closing costs are allowed for both FHA, VA, USDA, and conventional mortgage loans
- Sellers concessions are also allowed on NON-QM Loans
- Bank Statement Loans For Self Employed Borrowers, and Jumbo Mortgages
- FHA and USDA insured mortgage loans allow up to a 6% sellers concession towards a buyers closing costs
- VA Loans allow up to 4% sellers concessions by sellers for home buyers closing costs
Sellers concessions can be used for all closing costs including prepaid and upfront mortgage insurance premiums as well as discount points.
Sellers Concessions Overages
However, any leftover sellers concession credit towards a buyer’s closing costs cannot go to the buyer if there are leftover funds.
- It needs to go back to the seller for any unused sellers concessions
- However, any overages in sellers concessions can be used to buy down the mortgage interest rate
- Conventional loans and jumbo loans allow a maximum of 3% sellers concessions towards buyers closing costs on primary second homes
- 2% on investment homes
- Home Buyers can structure sellers concessions towards buyers closing costs the right way where a home buyer does not have to bring in a dime for closing costs to the closing table
- Sellers concessions cannot be applied towards buyers down payment
If the borrower is short in closing costs with sellers concessions, they can get lender credit in lieu of slightly higher mortgage rates by the lender.
Down Payment For Home Purchase In Illinois
Minimum down payments for a conventional loan are either a 3% down payment or a 5% down payment.
- For FHA loans, the minimum down payment is 3.5%
- Down payment funds need to be seasoned and sourced
- FHA insured mortgage loans allow down payments to be gifted
- However, a gift letter must be signed by the donor
- The money leaving the donor’s bank account into the recipients’ bank account must be sourced and provided
Normally, a 30-day bank statement of the donor is required and a deposit slip and deposit to the receiver’s account needs to be provided.
Down Payment Needs To Be Sourced And Seasoned
The down payment of 3.5% of the purchase price of the home needs to be in the borrower’s bank account until the date of the closing.
- Unless a home buyer is purchasing a brand new home from a home builder, a home buyer will receive a tax proration from the seller
Sellers Concessions And Tax Prorations:
- Tax proration credits can be used towards closing costs as well as towards down payment but sellers concessions cannot
Sellers Concessions And Tax prorations Credit To Be Used Towards Down Payment Of Home Purchase
Let’s take a case scenario.
- Let’s say a home buyer is purchasing a $100,000 home and wants to put as little money down as possible and come out of as little money out of pocket as possible for closing costs
- Let’s say the home buyer is approved for an FHA insured mortgage loan, and property taxes for the subject property is $4,000
- The best way to structure this deal is to get a sellers concession of 6%
- Say the sellers want a bottom-line price of $100,000 but are willing to structure a sellers concession towards a buyers closing costs
- The realtor will then list the purchase price as $106,000 (assuming it will appraise at $106,000)
The home buyer will be required to have a 3.5% down payment at closing so 3.5% of $106,000 is $3,710.
Sellers Concessions And Tax Prorations To Cover Closing Costs On Home Purchases
The home buyer needs to pay the first year’s homeowner’s insurance premium upfront.
- He can use part of his $6,000 sellers concession to pay for his insurance, attorneys fees, appraisal fees, title insurance charges, and all other closing costs
- Let’s assume that all of his closing costs including his prepaid are all covered in the $6,000 sellers concessions towards the buyers closing costs
- Now he will be getting a $4,000 tax prorations credits from the seller because property taxes in Illinois is always paid in arrears of one year
- With his $4,000 tax prorations credits, he can use to offset his down payment of $3,710
So in this case scenario, the home buyer will walk away with $290.00 at closing.
Sellers Concessions And Tax Prorations And Down Payment Benefits
Basically, in this case scenario, the home buyer got himself a home with zero money out of pocket and a cash surplus of $290.00. Even though he needed to show a down payment of 3.5% down payment, no money out of pocket was needed to purchase this subject property due to the ample sellers concessions and tax prorations. Cases like these are common in situations where sellers concessions tax prorations are large.
Illinois home buyers who have any questions on sellers concessions and property tax prorations can contact us at Gustan Cho Associates at 262-716-8151 or text us for faster response. Our email at email@example.com.