This article covers Mortgage Escrows Guidelines On Purchase And Refinance
Homeowners are not just responsible for their principal and interest payments on their loan balance but are also responsible for their property taxes and homeowners insurance.
- Lenders prefer their borrowers all have escrow account
- By having a mortgage escrow account, the lender will make sure property taxes and homeowners insurance get paid timely on the dates they are due
- All government-backed mortgages require borrowers to have escrow accounts for the term of the home loan
- Escrow accounts is still required no matter how much equity the homeowner has
- Conventional loans give the option for borrowers with more than 20% equity whether or not they want to have an escrow account
Many homeowners with loan to value lower than 80% LTV still opt to have an escrow account. This holds true even though conventional loans do not require homeowners with more than 20% equity to have escrows.
Breakdown Of Monthly Housing Payments
Every year, property taxes and homeowners insurance is due:
- Also, many homeowners belong to a homeowners association
- Homeowners associations charge an annual homeowners association fee
- HOAs do have the power to lien your property and go after homeowners who do not pay their homeowners’ association fees
- Homeowners associations have the right to foreclose on a property if the homeowner does not pay their HOA dues
- Your principal and interest payments are due on the first of the month and no later than the fifteenth of the month to the lender without a late fee
- The 15 days is given as a grace period by most mortgage lenders
- As long as the mortgage servicer gets the home mortgage payment before the end of the money, the mortgage payment is reported as timely payments on the borrower’s credit report
- Only mortgage payments that are 30 days late are reported as late payments on the credit bureaus
- Any homeowner who pays their mortgage payment past the 15th day of the month is normally assessed a late payment charge
- Real estate property taxes are collected and due to the county where your property is located.
- The homeowners’ insurance is due to your homeowner’s insurance company
Monthly Housing Payment: Principal, Interest, Taxes, Insurance
One of the main factors a mortgage underwriter will take into consideration when qualifying a borrower for a home loan is what the homeowner’s principal, interest, taxes, and insurance will be.
- Principal, Interest, Taxes, and Insurance is known as PITI
It is extremely important because it is used to determine whether the borrower has the ability to make timely monthly housing payments on the income they make.
How Is PITI Calculated
A mortgage loan borrower’s principal, interest, taxes, and insurance are calculated as follows:
- The borrower’s monthly principal payment
- The borrower’s monthly interest payments
- It is calculated from the interest rate on the term of the mortgage loan
- The borrower’s annual property tax assessment divided by 12 months
- The borrower’s annual homeowners insurance bill divided by 12 months
Adding the above four items will yield the monthly principal, interest, taxes, and insurance or PITI.
Borrowers with escrow accounts do not have to worry about paying property taxes and/or homeowners insurance by themselves. The lender collects your property taxes and homeowners insurance along with your monthly mortgage payments. The property tax and homeowners insurance portion of the monthly payments you send in is put in the separate escrow account:
- The lender pays the property taxes to the county homeowners insurance to the homeowner insurance provider when it is due
- Lenders prefer to have borrowers have mortgage escrows
- This is because they want to protect their interests
- If a homeowner is behind on their property taxes, the government can place liens on the subject property
- In the event if the home is destroyed due to a fire and the property is not insured, there is no coverage and the lender loses its collateral
By having mortgage escrows, the lender will make sure that the property taxes and the homeowners’ insurance is paid and paid timely.
Mortgage lenders require home buyers to pay one year’s homeowners’ insurance upfront at closing and it is part of the home buyer’s closing costs.
- Lenders will also collect two months of homeowners insurance payments and six months of property tax payments upfront and set up the home buyers mortgage escrows
- Borrowers who have mortgage escrows are offered a discount on closing costs
Borrowers waiving escrows will normally be charged a 0.25% (charges may vary depending on mortgage lenders) for not having mortgage escrows.
How Can A Home Buyer Waive Mortgage Escrows?
If you are an FHA, VA, or USDA borrower, you cannot waive mortgage escrows. Government loans all require escrows. This holds true no matter how much equity you have in your home. However, if you are a conventional borrower, you can waive mortgage escrows if you have at least 20% down payment and your loan to value is at least 80% LTV.
For more information on the contents of this article and/or other mortgage-related topics, please contact us at Gustan Cho Associates at 800-900-8569 or text us for a faster response. Or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org. The Team at Gustan Cho Associates Mortgage Group is available 7 days a week, evenings, weekends, and holidays.
August 7, 2020 - 4 min read