This Article Is About Credit Dispute During Mortgage Process Can Halt Approval
We have covered many blogs on credit repair, credit disputes, and the importance of having decent credit scores to qualify for home loans.
- Borrowers with bad credit can qualify for FHA Loans without going through credit repair
The two most important factors lenders look at when qualifying borrowers for home loans are the following:
- Qualified Income
In this article, we will discuss and cover Credit Dispute During Mortgage Process Can Halt Approval.
How Credit Is Viewed By Lenders
Mortgage Lenders view credit in two different ways when it comes to qualifying borrowers:
The requirement of minimum credit scores:
- All loan programs have minimum credit score requirements and most lenders will have their own lender overlays on credit scores
Review overall credit history which includes prior bad credit, collections, charge offs, judgments, tax liens, bankruptcies, foreclosures, deed in lieu of foreclosures, short sales.
Credit Scores Versus Payment History
Just because mortgage applicants meet the minimum credit score requirements for a mortgage does not mean they automatically qualify.
- Lenders and the Automated Underwriting System will carefully analyze borrower’s on-time payment history, especially in the previous 12 months
Special attention will be placed on timely payments after bankruptcy and after a housing event such as on-time payment history after foreclosure, deed in lieu of foreclosure, short sale.
Mortgage Loan Programs For Borrowers With Bad Credit
Government loans are home loans for owner-occupant one to four-unit residential homes that are insured and guaranteed by the federal government.
- Government Agencies insuring and guaranteeing these loans do not lend nor service loans
Their role is to mainly insure and guarantee the bank or private lender that originates, funds, and services the home loans.
Government Versus Conventional Loans
Here are the three government loan programs:
The best and most popular loan program for home buyers with bad credit is FHA Loans.
FHA Loans For Home Buyers With Bad Credit
FHA Loans are the most popular mortgage loan program in the United States.
- FHA Loans are not just for borrowers with bad credit
- FHA Loans are also very popular with first time home buyers
- It is also very popular with borrowers with higher debt to income ratios and needing non-occupant co-borrowers
Here are some pinpoints on FHA Loans:
- Minimum Credit Score Requirement 580 middle credit score to qualify for 3.5% down payment FHA Loan
- Borrowers with credit scores between 500 and 579 FICO can qualify for FHA Loans with 10% down payment with an Automated Underwriting System (AUS) approval
- Borrowers can qualify for FHA Loans without having to pay outstanding collections and/or charge off accounts
- Debt To Income Ratio Requirements can be as high as 56.9% DTI for borrowers with at least a 620 credit score
- Borrowers under 620 credit scores need a 43% debt to income ratio normally to get approve/eligible per AUS
- There is a 2-year waiting period to qualify for FHA Loan after the Chapter 7 Bankruptcy discharged date
- There is a 3-year waiting period to qualify for FHA Loans after the recorded date of foreclosure and/or deed in lieu of foreclosure
- 3 year waiting period to qualify for FHA Loans after a short sale
- Lenders frown on late payments after bankruptcy and/or foreclosure
- Gustan Cho Associates has no lender overlays
We can help borrowers with late payments after bankruptcy and/or foreclosure with an approve/eligible per DU/LP FINDINGS.
Disputing Derogatory Credit
Again, credit dispute during mortgage process will automatically suspend the process until credit disputes are retracted.
- Everyone can repair their credit themselves by writing credit dispute letters
- Whatever a professional credit repair company can do, you can do it yourself
- The first thing you need to do is get a copy of your credit report from each of the three credit reporting agencies
- You then need to write a dispute letter contesting the accuracy of each of the negative credit items they are reporting
- You can just write all of a dispute in one letter
- Do not send a copy of your credit report to them
Attached is a sample letter format that many consumers use. However, Credit Dispute During Mortgage Process is not allowed by lenders so before disputing any derogatory credit, please consult with a loan officer.
SAMPLE DISPUTE LETTER TO SEND TO EACH OF THE THREE CREDIT BUREAUS
January 10, 2013
JOHN PUBLIC SS# 123-45-6789 DOB: February 1, 1990
123 MAIN STREET
CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 60625
P.O. BOX 1000
To Whom it May Concern:
I have recently acquired my credit report to check the information that has been reported on it. After carefully reviewing my credit report, I have found some inaccurate and/or unverifiable information. I have listed the accounts that I wish to have dispute and clearly marked upon it what I wish to challenge.
According to the FCRA (Fair Credit Reporting Act) I have the right to dispute information I believe to be inaccurate or unverifiable. I am specifically challenging section 609 (Consumer Disclosure Section) and demand that these items be corrected, removed or deleted and an updated copy of my credit report forwarded to me in a reasonable amount of time, namely 30 days. Failure to do so will cause further harm to my credit profile and I will be forced to file for damages under section 617 of the FCRA!
Account Name Account Number Dispute Reason
NBA COLLECTION 56343663 Paid In Full
ACC COLLECTOR 11CV000119 Not Mine
COOK COLLECTOR 11SC002443 Paid In Full
MEAN COLLECTIONS 11SC002990 Duplicate Account
ABC MERIT BANK 17580013455 Not Mine
MIDLAND FUND 85438552477217 Not Mine
CAPITAL ONE V234321334447 Not Mine
BARON COLLECTIONS 3454363035 Not Mine
CITIBANK 542418069987U Not Mine
CHASE 76889119432133 Not Mine
*PLEASE ADD A TEMPORARY SECURITY ALERT TO MY CREDIT FILE
*PLEASE REMOVE ALL SOFT PULLED INQUIRIES OVER 30 DAYS OLD
The above is a sample credit dispute letter that consumers may send to the three credit reporting agencies:
- Each of the three credit reporting agencies is independent of each other
Consumers can do disputes online as well as via USPS.
Credit Reporting Agencies
Credit Reporting Agencies are private companies that collect and report data on consumers and businesses. Lenders use the middle of the three credit scores a mortgage applicant has as their qualifying credit score.
Here are the three links to the three credit bureaus:
Once the credit disputes get reviewed by credit reporting agencies, each credit bureau will be reporting back and updating consumers with the results of the dispute.
Credit Dispute During Mortgage Process Will Suspend Loan Process
Credit Dispute During Mortgage Process will automatically suspend the mortgage application process until the credit disputes are retracted. We will cover FHA Guidelines On Credit Disputes in the article since FHA Loans are the most popular loan program.
Here are the requirements for Credit Dispute During Mortgage Process:
- Disputes on medical collection accounts are exempt no matter how much the outstanding medical collection account balance
- Disputes on non-medical collection accounts with zero balances are exempt
- Disputes on non-medical collections and charge off accounts are not allowed during the mortgage process
- Disputes on late payments are not allowed during the mortgage process
Credit Disputes During Mortgage Process is allowed on non-medical collection accounts as long as the total outstanding collection account balances are under $1,000.
Why Do Lenders Prohibit Credit Disputes During Mortgage Process
The reason credit disputes during mortgage process are prohibited is because a credit dispute will trigger the credit reporting agency to discount the negative factor from the consumer credit scoring formula:
For example, if a consumer were to dispute a recent late payment on a credit card collection account, the credit bureau will put this verbiage on the consumer credit report:
- ” Consumer disputes: Investigation In Process”
This verbiage will re-calculate this consumer credit scoring model where the negative collection account is not factored in the scoring of the consumer credit score:
- Since the negative item is not factored in
- The consumer credit scores will increase
- This is because the credit scoring model is reading the report like the late payment does not exist
- Credit disputes during mortgage process are not allowed for this very reason
- Once the credit disputes are retracted, the negative factor is re-calculated back in and consumer credit scores will and can often times plummet
The amount of drop or decrease in credit scores depends on the type of collections, the amount of outstanding balance, and the age of the collection account.
Retracting Credit Dispute During Mortgage Process
Pre-Approvals should not be issued by loan officers if they notice credit disputes on mortgage applicants’ credit reports until the disputes have been retracted.
- Retracting Credit Disputes can and often times will drop credit scores
- One way of inflating credit scores is disputing medical collections if borrowers do have medical collection accounts because these are exempt
- However, credit disputes on medical collection accounts are just a temporary artificial increase in boosting credit scores so this strategy needs to be well-timed
Home Buyers who need to get qualified for the mortgage with a loan officer that specializes in no overlays on government and/or conventional loans, please contact us at Gustan Cho Associates at 262-716-8151 or text us for a faster response. Or email us at email@example.com. The team at Gustan Cho Associates is available 7 days a week, evenings, weekends, and holidays.