2017 USDA Guidelines And Requirements & How Can I Qualify?


2017 USDA Guidelines And Requirements & How Can I Qualify?

This BLOG On 2017 USDA Guidelines And Requirements & How Can I Qualify Was Written By Matthew Herbolich MBA JD LLM NMLS 1649154

2017 USDA Guidelines & Loan Program

A USDA Home Loan is from the USDA loan program, and it also known as a USDA Rural Development Guaranteed Housing Loan Program.

  • It is a mortgage loan offered primarily to property owners in rural areas.
  • It is a surprise to some that the USDA (US Department of Agriculture) provides financing for real estate purchases.
  • USDA loans generally possess desirable terms for prospective borrowers and thus should be considered for those who qualify.

This blog will go through some of the generalities of USDA loans then examine each of the three types of USDA loans.

  • General Benefits of USDA Loans
  • Loans are generated by local lenders.
  • 100% financing is offered.
  • All closing cost can be covered by the Seller or financed into the Loan for no borrower “out of pocket” costs
  • General Eligibility for a USDA Loan
  • Areas are approved using zip code as the criteria
  • Both new purchases and refinances qualify.

USDA Guidelines On Types Of Property Eligibility

The mortgage is not strictly for farmland. It may apply to standard residential real estate outside of major metropolitan areas.

  • The loan may be used for single family and multi-unit homes.
  • There are maximum household income limits which vary by the county where the property is purchased or refinanced

Types Of USDA Loans

There are three major types of USDA Loans:

  1. The Guaranteed Loan
  2. The Direct Loan
  3. Rural Repair and Rehabilitation Loan

The Guaranteed Loan

Borrowers can have an income of 115% of the Annual Median Income for the area

  • Families must be without “adequate” housing but must be able to afford the mortgage payments, including the property taxes and insurance, which are typically around 24% of borrower’s income
  • Income limits do vary by county which borrowers are in
  • Household income is any member of the household who is a wage earner, even for example an elderly grandparent living in the house who receives a social security check, even if that grandparent is not slated to be on the actual loan
  • USDA Guaranteed Loans require an 2.75% of the purchase price in an “up front” funding fee
  • Monthly mortgage insurance premiums based on .40 of balance annually
  • The annual premium is divided by 12 to arrive at the premium charge per month

The Direct Loan Or Section 502 Loan

Purpose of Direct Loan

  • Purpose is to help low income individuals purchase homes in rural areas
  • Funds can be used to build, repair, renovate or relocate a home, or to purchase and prepare sites, including water and sewage facilities.
  • Specific Eligibility of a USDA Direct Loan

USDA Guidelines On Borrowers Income

AMI or Area Median income is the criteria for determining income eligibility requirements

  • “Low” income is defined as 50% to 80% of below of Area Median Income
  • “Very Low” is defined as below 50% of Area Median income
  • Families must be without “adequate” housing but must be able to afford the mortgage payments, including the property taxes and insurance, which are typically around 24% of borrower’s income
  • Payment subsidies are available to augment the ability of borrowers capacity to repay
  • Applicants must have been unable to obtain credit elsewhere, yet still have reasonable credit histories
  • Rural Repair and Rehabilitation Loan

Purpose Of Housing Repair Loan

To provide loans and grants to very low income homeowners to repair, improve, or modernize their homes or to remove health and safety hazards

Eligibility Of Housing Repair Loan

Homeowners must be unable to obtain credit affordable credit elsewhere

  • Homeowners must have very low incomes, as defined by incomes below the 50% AMI threshold
  • The money loaned must be utilized to make the dwelling safer or more sanitary or to remove health or safety hazards.
  • Grants are ONLY available to homeowners who are 62 years or older

USDA Home Loan Versus Conventional Mortgage Loans

USDA home loans do not require any down payment, the financing of 100% of the property value is covered

  • The borrower must meet certain income restrictions.
  • Each county has a maximum income requirement.
  • The property the loan is being used for must be in a rural area as defined by the USDA
  • Only owner occupied properties are eligible, not investment properties

About The Author: Matthew Herbolich MBA JD LLM NMLS 1649154

Matthew Herbolich NMLS 1649154 is a senior writer for Gustan Cho Associates Mortgage & Real Estate Information Resource Center and a licensed mortgage loan originator with The Gustan Cho Team at USA Mortgage, a division of DAS Acquisition Company LLC NMLS 227262. Matt Herbolich, an attorney by education with a Juris Doctorate and Masters of Laws Degree and a Masters of Business Administration Degree, has extensive experience in both mortgage and lending and is a real estate investor himself. Matt Herbolich is also a Certified Masters Loan Processor and holds the prestigious CMLP Certification. Matt is also the editor in Chief of Loan Consultants USA, https://www.loanconsultants.org and guest writer in dozens of other mortgage and real estate news outlets. We look forward to more of Matthew Herbolich’s informational blogs in the coming days and weeks.

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